READING skills are specific abilities which enable a reader to read written form as meaningful language, to read anything written with independence, comprehension and fluency and to mentally interact with the message!.
If we want to encourage a good kind of reading in English Language classroom we need to prepare activities for each step of reading:
BEFORE READING DURING READING AFTER READING
Before Reading: some point should be regarded in order to make the process of reading more comprehensible:
*It is necessary to provide background information to the reader
*Provide context and reason for reading
*We have to cover most of the vocabulary which the learners will come across in the reading.
*We can use some strategies such as Predict (Think what might happen in the story) and Preview the text (look at the title, picture, graphics…)
During Reading: there are some tips to encourage active reading such as summarizing, reacting, questioning, arguing, evaluating and placing text within one`s own experience.
After Reading: Post-reading activities depend on the purpose of reading and the type of information extracted from the text.
We can use some strategies such as Retell and Summarize, use a graphic organizer, draw conclusions, Re-read, discuss and respond…
STRATEGIES help readers understand, connect to and determine the importance of what they are reading.
MAKE CONNECTION ASK QUESTIONS DETERMINE IMPORTANCE
INFER AND PREDICT VISUALIZE SYNTHESIZE
USE FIX UP OF STRATEGIES (underline, Re-read, use a dictionary, read aloud…)