Scaffolding is a metaphor that is based on the Vygosky`s premise of learning as a socially constructed process to guide a child through the ZPD and enable them to carry out a task that they would be unable to do without help.
WHAT STRATEGIES COULD WE USE TO PROVIDE SCAFFOLDING?
USE DEMONSTRATIONS, MODELLING, ROLE.PLAYING
USE EXTRALINGUISTIC INFORMATION TO MAKE ENGLISH COMPREHENSIBLE
PRESENT NEW INFORMATION IN THE CONTEXT OF KNOWN INFORMATION
USE SIMPLE STRUCTURES AND AVOID TOO COMPLEX STRUCTURES
ELICIT LANGUAGE FROM LEARNERS
ASK OPEN-ENDED AND REFERENTIAL QUESTIONS
RESPECT THE CHILD`S STAGES OF LINGUISTIC DEVELOPMENT
CHECK FOR UNDERSTANDING